In Cina Liu Xiaobo è ancora in carcere: violata libertà d’espressione

Desmond Tutu, arcivescovo premio nobel per la pace nel 1984, celebre per aver lottato contro i soprusi in Sud Africa e diventato icona della resistenza non armata, lancia una campagna in supporto di Lui Xiaobo, attivista ed intellettuale cinese che in Cina è costretto a vivere in prigione: arrestato assieme alla moglie.

La colpa è quella di aver scritto Carta 08, manifesto che intendeva stimolare riforme democratiche e pacifiche in tutta la Cina, chiedendo il rispetto dei diritti umani e della pluralità. Liu Xiaobo è stato anche egli premio Nobel per la Pace, nel 2010. Subito dopo il riconoscimento è stato arrestato assieme alla moglie, in un primo momento ai domiciliari, senza la possibilità di un immediato processo o la possibilità di relazionarsi con avvocato, almeno per i primi sei mesi di fermo. D’altra parte non c’è un’accusa specifica ed il Governo cinese ha impedito che i diplomatici stranieri od i rappresentanti della stampa potessero partecipare al suo processo, indetto per l’appunto dopo sei mesi di detenzione.

Al momento la moglie, Liu Xia, è ancora agli arresti domiciliari mentre lui è in carcere, vedendo violato ogni codice del diritto internazionale. Per questo Desmond Tutu chiede di firmare una petizione indirizzata al leader cinese Xi Jinping, affinché il Governo cinese possa finalmente far rispettare la libertà di espressione e far cessare questa detenzione senza logica giuridica. Qui si può firmare, mentre di seguito il testo della petizione:

To:
Chinese Leader Xi Jinping
Zhang Guobin, Chinese Consulate to France
Wang Shunqing, Chinese Consulate to Germany
Liang Hui, Chinese Consulate to Italy
Yan Banghua, Chinese Consulate to Spain
Zhang Yesui, Chinese Ambassador to the US
Chen Yuming, Chinese Ambassador to Australia
Zhang Junsai, Chinese Ambassador to Canada
Zeng Gang, Chinese Ambassador to Mexico
Cheng Yonghua, Chinese Ambassador to Japan
Liu Xiaoming, Chinese Ambassador to the UK

I just signed a petition started by Desmond Tutu, which asks:

Liu Xiaobo is a prominent Chinese intellectual, democracy activist, and the world’s only imprisoned Nobel Peace Prize Laureate. As a fellow Nobel laureate, I am asking you to stand with me and more than 134 other Nobel Laureates in demanding Chinese leader Xi Jinping release Liu Xiaobo and his wife Liu Xia, who is under house arrest.

Dr. Liu, a long-time rights activist, received an 11-year prison sentence in 2009 after he helped write Charter ’08, a political manifesto, which promoted peaceful democratic reform and called for greater respect for fundamental human rights in China and an end to one party rule. After arresting Dr. Liu, police held him without charge or access to an attorney for six months. At trial, the government prevented Dr. Liu’s wife, foreign diplomats, and the press from attending.

On October 8, 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee took the bold step of awarding Dr. Liu its Peace Prize in recognition of his “long and non-violent struggle for fundamental rights in China.”

Instead of celebrating a great award bestowed on one of its citizens, Chinese police placed Dr. Liu’s wife, Liu Xia, under house arrest without any charges or legal due process, and they prevented diplomats and journalists from meeting with her.

Two years later, both Dr. Liu and Liu Xia remain in detention. Despite the United Nations saying Dr. Liu’s imprisonment and Liu Xia’s house arrest violate international law, the government continues to close them off from the outside world.

This flagrant violation of the basic right to due process and free expression must be publicly and forcefully confronted by the international community. That is why I and 134 of my fellow Nobel Laureates joined together to call for their immediate and unconditional release.

Join us by signing this petition to incoming Chinese leader Xi Jinping. We are confident that your participation will send a clear message to the Chinese government that the continued detention of the world’s only imprisoned Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and his wife—in clear violation of their rights to freedom of expression and due process of law—will not be tolerated by the international community. Join us in letting China’s new leadership know that fundamental human rights must be respected everywhere.

It’s time to release Liu Xiaobo and Liu Xia.

Desmond M. Tutu
Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town

Sincerely,
[Your name]

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